Since you need to establish the tone of your book right from the start, I want to spend a little bit of time discussing this element. Tone is a subtle thing, and it overlaps sound, style, and voice. I’ve already discussed voice in an earlier post, and where voice is really generated and inspired by your characters, tone is something more consistent and covers your whole book. Kind of like icing spread over the top of a multiflavor cake—the voice of all your characters being the different flavors.
Give a Feel for How You Feel
Tone really has nothing to do with how you construct a sentence, paragraph, or even chapter. Think of tone as your (the author’s) overall opinion or feeling about your story. Maybe this is confusing, but when you think of the story you are writing, what emotional attitudes come into play? Sarcasm, humor, cynicism, anger, jubilation? If you’re telling a story about oppression and cruelty, is it because you feel passionately about this topic and want people to be moved to take a particular stand? Of course, this doesn’t mean your tone should be inciting a riot. What it does mean is your writing style will convey this feeling you have. Your sentences and scenes will have an undercurrent of seriousness, poignancy, or perhaps intensity. In contrast, if you are writing a lighthearted adventure story, your tone may express humor, flippancy, even a bit of obnoxiousness. What you want is to give a feel for how you feel.
Tone is subjective. It may seem like it’s the same as voice but it’s not. When I think of Kurt Vonnegut’s novels, I can sense his cynical tone splashed with outrageous humor as an undercurrent beneath his voice. Same with Tom Robbins. So, since tone is subjective (implying there’s an author out there with an opinion), you do want to be careful your tone doesn’t come across haughty, know-it-all, pompous, etc. It’s fine to have a character who is pompous, but you don’t want the tone of your novel to be pompous. I hope you can see the difference. I see some first novels where the author has worked really hard to use as many fancy, eccentric, and never-used words as they can in order to impress their readers (they’re not impressed—just irritated). In those cases, the tone of the book gets in the way of the story being told.
Separate Your Tone from Your Characters’ Voices
Now, if you write a book in the first-person POV of a brilliant statesman and he’s telling the story, even though his voice will sound pompous (perhaps), the tone of the book should not. In his thoughts and speech he may use big words, but you as the writer would construct your sentences without all those flowery words. You would build your sentences influenced by how you feel about this character and the story you are telling. That way the tone of that novel will be your subjective tone—not the character’s. If this character is a dark, evil man who did horrible crimes against humanity, your tone will be serious, intense, maybe even a bit objective to give distance and let the reader feel what she may. I hope the tone of this blog post reflects my interest in giving you insight and writing skills!
This week, take a look at the tone of your novel so far and see if you are getting across the subjective mood you intend. Take a look at some novels and see if you can determine what the tone is and share some thoughts in the comments below.