First Pages of Best-Selling Novels: The Martian

The Martian is a beautifully structured novel (and a terrific movie), and it draws readers right into the story on the first page. For those who saw the movie, you’ll notice the novel doesn’t begin the same way. It begins in a better way for a book because rather than focus on the plot events that lead up to Mark Watney being left behind on Mars, it gets you right where you need to be—in Mark’s head and hearing his voice.

The Martian is a great example of strong first-person character voice. Perhaps (to me) the most engaging and powerful element you can introduce on your first page is a compelling character.

Sure, it’s important to have that character be doing something that is interesting, but often first scenes start out with little happening, as we saw in the last two overviews (See Me and Flight Behavior). Neither of those novels had characters doing much other than thinking, and that’s not always easy to pull off well.

The challenge with that type of opening is to make the writing style and the character’s personality strong enough that they intrigue the reader without the need for dynamic action. Putting a “nonactive” character in a curious or dangerous predicament can also create that tension to hook readers.

But hands down, a great character is going to pop off the page, entice the reader into his world, and make it easy for the reader to care what happens to him. This is just what The Martian does.

Each week as we examine these first pages, we’re using this first-page checklist. Consider using it yourself as you read through novels and study how various authors craft those opening pages of their novels or short stories. And use it on your own scenes too. An opening page doesn’t have to have all these things checked off, but it should have most. See what you notice as you read the first page of The Martian.


Chapter 1

Log Entry: Sol 6

I’m pretty much fu@$ed.

That’s my considered opinion.


Six days into what should be the greatest two months of my life, and it’s turned into a nightmare.

I don’t even know who’ll read this. I guess someone will find it eventually. Maybe a hundred years from now.

For the record . . . I didn’t die on Sol 6. Certainly the rest of the crew thought I did, and I can’t blame them. Maybe there’ll be a day of national mourning for me, and my Wikipedia page will say, “Mark Watney is the only human being to have died on Mars.”

And it’ll be right, probably. ‘Cause I’ll surely die here. Just not on Sol 6 when everyone thinks I did.

Let’s see . . . where do I begin?

The Ares Program. Mankind reaching out to Mars to send people to another planet for the very first time and expand the horizons of humanity blah, blah, blah. The Ares 1 crew did their thing and came back heroes. They got the parades and fame and love of the world.

Ares 2 did the same thing, in a different location on Mars. They got a firm handshake and a hot cup of coffee when they got home.

Ares 3. Well, that was my mission. Okay, not mine per se. Commander Lewis was in charge. I was just one of her crew. Actually, I was the very lowest ranked member of the crew. I would only be “in command” of the mission if I were the only remaining person.

What do you know? I’m in command.

Why This Works

So let’s go through the checklist elements and take a look at how this first page measures up.

Opening Hook: Clever writing and image that grabs the reader—Strong hook. The protagonist is screwed, but we don’t yet know why.

Introduction of main character in first few lines: Yes, written in first person, we’re immediately in the head of the protagonist and sensing the dire circumstances he faces as he writes a log entry.

Starting the story in the middle of something that’s happened (or happening): Yes, the author begins the first chapter with the protagonist reflecting on the fact that he’s stranded alone on Mars. He’s not actively doing much (recording his log entry), but he’s in the middle of a rotten situation, and a unique one.

 A nod to setting; avoid excessive exposition or narrative: The author reveals that the protagonist is on Mars, but that’s all we’re told on the first page. No description of the setting beyond the telling of where the scene takes place. Yet, readers know enough about Mars to easily picture the scenario. Description can surely come later. 

A catalyst, inciting incident, or complication introduced for your character: Stranded alone on Mars is a definite complication. A huge one.

A hint at character’s immediate intentions: As he writes about what will be included on his Wikpedia page“Mark Watney is the only human being to have died on Mars”the reader senses this is a story about survival. Watney’s immediate intention is to figure out how to survive.

A hint at character’s hidden need, desire, goal, dream, fear: Clearly survival. He says “I’m in command.” Not “I want to die.”

Unique voice/writing style: Watney’s voice is engaging—he is sarcastic and uses dark humor. The voice is compelling and entertaining. We feel right off if anyone can pull this survival gig off, it’s him. 

Setting the tone for the book: Sets a clear, strong tone for the novel with Watney’s voice telling the story. We can tell it’s going to be a wild ride, a serious and dangerous journey, but one laced with humor and a touch of cynicism.

A glimpse at character’s personal history, personality—shed light on motivation: This first page is tightly written but includes a lot of information about the character. In what feels like very natural prose, we learn the character is the sole survivor of a third mission to Mars, he’s the lowest ranking crew member, he’s humorous and sarcastic.

Hint of character’s initial plot goal: Obvious, as stated. The novel could have started with all the scientists collecting soil samples and doing their experiments, showing Watney’s relationship to them, and the mission’s goal of research. But all that would have delayed getting into the premise and wouldn’t have the impact as this opening has. Showing Watney already with a goal (survival) that gets tweaked once he finds a way to communicate with Earth is a much stronger start.

A course of action/decision implied. Introduction of high stakes/dramatic tension: No course of action included in the first page beyond the character’s intent to log his activities/experience, which the author shows through the use of log entries as chapters. And the high stakes are life or death.

Good pacing; jump right into present action. No backstory: The first page jumps right into the account of his situation. It includes backstory, but it’s written in a clever way as the protagonist recounts how the first two crews of missions to Mars were rewarded for their bravado. It’s natural and flows with the story the protagonist is telling. I particularly love the “blah blah blah.” That may have been Weir (the author) knowing how all that backstory would bore the reader and isn’t necessary anyway at the start. And by having Watney say that, we get the feeling that he doesn’t want to bore whoever might listen to this log (and he probably assumes that person or group already knows his circumstance, so again, it’s not necessary for him to explain the backstory).

  • One characteristic to reveal that makes your character heroic and vulnerable: He’s heroic in the sense that he’s surviving and vulnerable because he’s working against the odds. He seems to hide his fear behind humor and sarcasm.
  • One element of mystery, something hinted at that raises curiosity: Yes, the reader is left curious about what happened to the mission and the other crew members and will definitely be curious about what comes next—how will Watney survive? Again, a compelling hook.
  • One element out of the ordinary, unusual, that makes the book different/stand out: The idea of being left/stranded alone on another planet is unique. 
  • Concise, catchy dialogue (if in the first scene) that is not boring or predictable: No dialogue.
  • A hint at theme: Surviving against all odds.

What Could Have Been Better

Not a whole lot. I would have liked some dates (years) to know when this takes place, but it’s not essential. I probably would have pushed back the little segment of backstory a bit, maybe to the next page. Instead I could have used a little bit about what his situation is like. In the movie, of course, you can see the habitat and know it’s pretty cushy. You see he has heat, lights, food, water—at least for now. He has all the tech and comforts of a high-end facility.

But a reader won’t know this. He can’t tell just where Watney is while he’s saying all this. Outside in a storm, holed up in a cave? In a tiny spacecraft? So showing a bit of the setting or the close environs as he records this log would be helpful.

We also don’t know if he’s writing or speaking (recording). I’d also like to see that he’s been injured, but I’m not sure how that might be brought out on the first page. That could nicely tie in with a little explaining how he was left behind. The first page says the others thought he’d died, and that’s probably good enough to keep readers reading. But showing that injury or the damaged suit or getting a whiff of that monster storm that forced the crew to flee would be a nice first-page touch.

These things aren’t essential, and they’re just my personal taste. I like to have authors “pull back” cinematically somewhere on the first page so I can see where they are and feel this place. Temperature, weather, time of day—those things usually matter in most stories. But just saying “Mars” evokes enough of an image for readers that it requires little description.

All in all, as a reader, I love this and have no complaints. It’s a terrific start and a great example of economy of words and simple, concise writing that is powerful. Another reminder that less can be more.

Your thoughts: Did you find this first page engaging? What grabbed you the most? What would you do differently? Anything you didn’t like?

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17 Responses to “First Pages of Best-Selling Novels: The Martian”

  1. Maria January 20, 2016 at 1:12 am #

    Haven’t read the book and already there’s all the Oscar buzz. Last year I read Silver Linings Playbook and it disappointed me. So I kept distance from such books, though The Help made me fall in love with it. But now after reading this excerpt, I’m definitely gonna a) read the book and b) watch the movie. SciFi movies aren’t my thing (Prometheus, Gravity and Interstellar disappointed me with their boredom) but I’ll delve into it. Thanks for the excerpt! Great first page!

    • cslakin January 20, 2016 at 11:02 am #

      Thanks, Maria. I think you’ll enjoy the movie. It’s a bit more fast-paced (only a bit) than the other two movies you mentioned (I loved Interstellar and didn’t like Gravity, but that’s my taste). What makes The Martian a great movie, to me, overall, is the increasing tension and challenges (that get greater and greater) in this race to get off planet before he runs out of air, water, and food.

  2. Bobbi January 20, 2016 at 8:44 am #

    I read The Martian and concur that the opening is a grabber. I don’t usually read this type of novel, however, was obligated due to the fact I was interviewing the author for a radio show the typical host was sick and unable to do so. I was drawn in from the beginning and the fact that he didn’t mention how he was left, how he was injured, where he was, kept me reading on to find out those facts. I loved the book, Glossed over much of the science since that isn’t something that I’m overly interested in, either and enjoyed the writing and the story. It was worth the dive and I was grateful for the opportunity to read it and meet Andy Weir. His personality is just like he writes so the voice of the character is genuine and natural.

    • cslakin January 20, 2016 at 11:00 am #

      You make great points. What draws us most into great novels is the mystery set up. The more intriguing questions we start to ask, the more engaged we get in wanting to learn the answers. And, as you attest, a reader might get drawn into a novel that’s in a genre she normally wouldn’t read because of the strength of that mystery and the power of engagement.

  3. Veronica Knox January 20, 2016 at 9:01 am #

    My answer can be summed up in that I just ordered the book on the strength of this first page.

    You said >We also don’t know if he’s writing or speaking (recording). I don’t even know who’ll read this.

    • cslakin January 20, 2016 at 10:58 am #

      Nice! Yeah, I get he says “reading this” but in the movie he’s speaking into the computer (maybe recording a written account)? It doesn’t seem likely he’s just writing this on a pad with a pen or typing into a document. So that’s what made me want to “see” this a bit better. Make sense?

    • Veronica Knox January 20, 2016 at 4:44 pm #

      We’re commenting on pages here. Not a movie, which can take all kinds of visual license. IMO we have to forget the movie when we’re asked to assess a first page.

      And why can’t the word fucked be spelled properly. It’s right there in the book. Amazon doesn’t disguise it.

      • cslakin January 20, 2016 at 6:34 pm #

        Thanks, Veronica. The alteration with the swear word is my choice. I find swearing a bit offensive and many readers do too, so it’s a compromise. I know it’s probably lame, but there you have it. Amazon isn’t going to censor anything like that, but a blog is a bit different than a book.

  4. Bridget McKenna January 20, 2016 at 10:11 am #

    Wonderful choice of opening scene. After reading this in the book’s sample last year, there was never any doubt that I’d buy the book, and I’m betting that was true of the vast majority of people who read these pages.

    Mark’s monologue carries so much of the book, and so well–not the easiest thing for a writer to pull off. Hats off to Andy Weir for hitting all the right notes and creating a novel opening worthy of studying, and to you for using it to create an epic writing lesson.

  5. Lori L. Clark January 20, 2016 at 11:39 am #

    I’ve heard amazing things about this movie and am looking forward to watching it. I’ve not read the book, but based on this first page, it does sound engaging and entertaining. Thanks for the post!

  6. Jeanne Lombardo January 20, 2016 at 1:21 pm #

    Great analysis of this first page.You’re right. The voice is immediately engaging and there’s just enough detail to keep the scene moving. I have seen the film, but I think that this passage would probably have created all the atmosphere I needed to continue reading even if I hadn’t. Appreciate your list of criteria!Very helpful!

  7. Carole Raschella January 20, 2016 at 2:47 pm #

    I love, love, love this book! One of the best I’ve ever read…really. I don’t remember why I decided to read it, but I do remember wondering how the author could get an entire book out of one man stranded on Mars. I would say that the personality and humor of the main character accounts for 70% of his success, and the rest to the writing itself, which manages to make science fascinating to the average reader. I’m not a sci-fi reader, by the way. When the movie came out, I was hesitant, afraid it would be disappointing and spoil the book. The trailers leaned that way. Saturday morning two weeks ago, I sat myself in an almost empty theater and enjoyed the hell out of the entire film. But it does not, can not, top the book. That first page is a perfect indication of what is to come.

    Oh yeah, The Revenant may be a great movie too, but I’m not interested in seeing Leonardo survive the wilderness after watching Matt survive Mars. But movies aside, if you haven’t read The Martian, you’ve missed out on a great ride. I couldn’t put it down.

  8. Henry January 20, 2016 at 3:57 pm #

    You may appreciate this interview with Andy Weir on Prose (

    • cslakin January 20, 2016 at 4:19 pm #

      Thanks for sharing that. I’ll go listen to it!

  9. Christine January 20, 2016 at 5:46 pm #

    I’ve seen this title but haven’t read the reviews;I misjudged it as a book about a Martian being. This actually sounds interesting and it really does start out with a bang! Some backstory will have to dribble in pretty soon though, to clue us in about how he ended up stranded.

    I love the way he works in a bit of social commentary to boot: the first explorers get the parades and accolades but so soon it becomes a simple “That’s nice. Welcome home” pat on the back.

    I, too, like the “blah, blah, blah” cynicism and his humorous “Now I’m in control.” Obviously he’s writing a journal, as he’s not sure “who’ll read this.” One gets the impression he’ll eventually open up his whole life story and it’ll read the same: always missed the flight.

  10. Gargi January 21, 2016 at 1:15 am #

    I took up this book and read it on a whim last June, and was I glad I did! I too glossed over a bit of the science, but loved the humor and the book overall. I was very glad to have read it well in time for the movie, and loved the movie too. I didn’t think Matt Damon could pull off such a funny / sarcastic character but he did brilliantly!

  11. Skye Taylor January 21, 2016 at 2:30 pm #

    I didn’t read the book or see the movie as sci-fi is not my usual genre, but I LOVE this author’s style and if I didn’t have a huge TBR pile waiting on me right now I just might go out and get it. I might still look to see if it’s on audio.

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